Minor Procedures

Minor procedures refer to medical interventions that are relatively simple, minimally invasive, and generally do not require extensive recovery time. These procedures are often performed in outpatient settings or clinics and may include tasks like mole removal, wart treatment, or small-scale skin surgeries. While less complex than major surgeries, minor procedures play a crucial role in addressing various medical conditions with efficiency and reduced impact on patients.

Facial Trauma

Facial trauma involves injuries to the face, including the skin, bones, and soft tissues, often resulting from accidents, falls, or interpersonal violence. Fractures, lacerations, and contusions are common manifestations, potentially impacting both aesthetic and functional aspects of the face. Management requires a multidisciplinary approach, with interventions ranging from suturing and reconstructive surgery to address cosmetic concerns, to addressing underlying bone fractures or dental injuries for optimal recovery.

Maxillofacial Surgery

Maxillofacial surgery is a specialized branch of surgery that focuses on treating conditions affecting the jaw, face, and skull. It encompasses a wide range of procedures, including corrective surgeries for congenital abnormalities, trauma reconstruction, and cosmetic enhancements. Maxillofacial surgeons are skilled in addressing complex issues related to the oral and facial regions, often collaborating with other medical professionals to provide comprehensive care.

Oral Cancer Biopsy

Oral cancer biopsy is a diagnostic procedure involving the removal and examination of suspicious tissue in the oral cavity to determine the presence of cancerous cells. Typically performed by an oral surgeon or dentist, this minimally invasive procedure helps in early detection and accurate diagnosis of oral cancers. Results from the biopsy guide subsequent treatment plans, which may include surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.

Gingival Surgeries

Gingival surgeries encompass various procedures aimed at treating and reshaping the gums for functional and aesthetic purposes in dentistry. Common interventions include gingivectomy to remove excess gum tissue, gingivoplasty for contouring, and grafting techniques to address gum recession. These surgeries contribute to periodontal health and enhance the overall appearance of the smile.

Crown lengthening Procedures

Crown lengthening is a dental procedure designed to expose more of a tooth's surface by removing excess gum tissue and, if necessary, bone. It is often performed to address issues such as a "gummy" smile, to facilitate restorative procedures like placing a crown, or to expose more tooth structure for better aesthetic balance. Crown lengthening contributes to improved oral health and enhances the overall appearance of the smile.

Intro oral Fibroma Removal

Intraoral fibroma removal is a surgical procedure aimed at excising fibrous, non-cancerous growths within the oral cavity, commonly found on the gums, tongue, or inner cheeks. Conducted by oral surgeons or dentists, the removal addresses functional and aesthetic concerns, promoting improved oral health and comfort. This straightforward procedure helps prevent potential complications and ensures a healthier intraoral environment.

Mole/Wart/Tag removal

Mole, wart, or skin tag removal is a dermatological procedure that involves excising or eliminating benign skin growths for cosmetic or medical reasons. Dermatologists commonly employ techniques such as excision, laser therapy, or cryotherapy to remove these lesions safely. The procedure is generally straightforward, addressing aesthetic concerns or preventing irritation while promoting skin health.


Alveoloplasty is a surgical procedure performed in dentistry to reshape and smoothen the jawbone's alveolar ridge, often following tooth extraction. This technique is crucial for optimizing the bone structure to enhance the fitting and stability of dental prosthetics, such as dentures or dental implants. Alveoloplasty ensures a proper foundation for restorative dental work, promoting both functional and aesthetic outcomes.

Pre-prothsthetic Surgeries

Pre-prosthetic surgeries are dental procedures conducted to prepare the oral structures for optimal fitting and stability of prosthetic devices like dentures or dental implants. These surgeries may involve alveoloplasty, soft tissue modifications, or bone grafting to create a suitable foundation for prosthetic appliances. By addressing anatomical concerns beforehand, pre-prosthetic surgeries contribute to improved functionality and comfort for patients receiving dental restorations.


A frenectomy is a minor surgical procedure involving the removal or modification of the frenulum, a band of tissue in the mouth that can restrict movement. This is commonly done for the lingual (under the tongue) or labial (between the upper front teeth and lip) frenulum to improve speech, orthodontic issues, or breastfeeding challenges. Frenectomy is a quick and effective solution, promoting enhanced mobility and function in the affected area.

Mucocele Removal

Mucocele removal is a minor surgical procedure that involves excising a mucocele, a benign cyst commonly found in the oral mucosa, often on the lower lip or inside the cheeks. Typically performed by oral surgeons or dentists, this procedure eliminates the fluid-filled sac, preventing recurrence and alleviating discomfort. Mucocele removal is a quick and straightforward solution, promoting oral health and reducing the risk of further complications.

Management of tongue Tie

The management of tongue tie involves a simple surgical procedure known as a frenotomy or frenuloplasty, aiming to release the restrictive lingual frenulum that hinders normal tongue movement. Typically performed in infants or children, this quick and minimally invasive intervention resolves issues such as breastfeeding difficulties or speech impediments, promoting optimal oral function. Early identification and management of tongue tie contribute to improved oral development and overall well-being.

Maxillofacial Infections & Abscess

Maxillofacial infections and abscesses involve localized collections of pus within the facial or jaw region, often caused by bacterial infections resulting from dental issues or trauma. Treatment typically includes drainage of the abscess, antibiotics, and, in severe cases, surgical intervention by maxillofacial surgeons to address underlying causes. Prompt diagnosis and management are crucial to prevent complications and ensure optimal recovery of the affected area.

Canine Space Infection

Canine space infection is a type of maxillofacial infection involving the space located above the upper canine tooth. Typically caused by dental abscesses or infections, it can lead to facial swelling, pain, and systemic symptoms. Timely intervention, often involving drainage and antibiotic therapy, is crucial to prevent the spread of infection to other facial spaces and ensure effective treatment.

Intraoral abscess

An intraoral abscess is a localized collection of pus within the oral cavity, commonly resulting from bacterial infection of the teeth or gums. This condition presents with symptoms like severe pain, swelling, and potential drainage of pus. Treatment involves drainage, often through root canal therapy or tooth extraction, along with antibiotics to resolve the infection and alleviate symptoms.

Draining sinus

A draining sinus refers to an abnormal channel that allows the discharge of fluid or pus from an infected area to the skin surface. It commonly occurs as a result of chronic infections, often associated with dental or skin issues. Treatment involves addressing the underlying cause, such as infection or abscess, and promoting proper drainage to facilitate healing.

Submandibular Space Infection

Submandibular space infection is a bacterial infection affecting the area beneath the jaw, often caused by dental issues or salivary gland infections. It presents with symptoms such as swelling, pain, and difficulty swallowing, requiring prompt medical attention. Treatment involves antibiotics, drainage of any abscess, and addressing the underlying cause to prevent complications and promote healing.

Extraoral abscess

An extraoral abscess is a collection of pus located outside the oral cavity, often arising from infections originating in the head and neck region. This condition can lead to noticeable swelling, tenderness, and redness in areas like the face or neck. Urgent medical intervention, including drainage and antibiotics, is essential to prevent the spread of infection and manage symptoms effectively.

Orthognathic Surgeries

Orthognathic surgeries, performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons, involve precise adjustments to the upper and lower jaws to correct severe misalignments and skeletal discrepancies. These procedures aim to improve facial harmony, bite function, and resolve functional issues like difficulty chewing or breathing. Orthognathic surgeries often lead to enhanced aesthetics and overall oral health, with a comprehensive approach to addressing complex jaw-related concerns.

Bi-Jaw Surgeries

Bi-jaw surgeries, also known as double jaw surgeries or bimaxillary osteotomies, involve simultaneous corrections of both the upper and lower jaws to address severe misalignments or deformities. This comprehensive approach, often performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons, aims to improve facial aesthetics, bite function, and overall oral health. Bi-jaw surgeries may include procedures like orthognathic surgery to achieve optimal balance and harmony in the facial structure.


Genioplasty is a surgical procedure that focuses on reshaping the chin for aesthetic or functional purposes. Often performed in conjunction with orthognathic surgery or independently, it involves repositioning or augmenting the chin bone to enhance facial harmony. Genioplasty is carried out by oral and maxillofacial surgeons to address concerns such as a weak or prominent chin, improving overall facial balance.

Face Shortening

Face shortening is a cosmetic or corrective surgical procedure intended to modify the vertical dimensions of the face for improved aesthetics. Conducted by oral and maxillofacial surgeons, this may involve techniques such as reduction of the jaw height or repositioning of facial structures to achieve a more proportionate and harmonious facial appearance. Face shortening procedures are tailored to address specific concerns related to facial proportions and symmetry.

Single Jaw Surgeries

Single jaw surgeries involve corrective procedures on either the upper or lower jaw to address various issues such as misalignment, deformities, or functional problems. These surgeries, often performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons, aim to improve facial harmony, bite function, and overall oral health. Single jaw surgeries can include procedures like orthognathic surgery, bone grafting, or corrective jaw osteotomy for comprehensive treatment.


BSSO, or Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy, is a surgical procedure commonly used in orthognathic surgery to correct jaw misalignments. This technique involves making precise cuts in the mandible (lower jaw) to reposition and align it correctly, addressing issues like overbite or underbite. BSSO is performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons to enhance facial harmony, improve bite function, and overall oral health.

Face Elongation

Face elongation refers to a cosmetic or reconstructive procedure aimed at altering the vertical dimensions of the face for aesthetic purposes. Typically performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons, this may involve techniques like vertical lengthening of the jaws or repositioning the chin and lower facial structures. Face elongation procedures are designed to achieve a more balanced and proportionate facial appearance.

TMJ Problems

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) problems involve issues with the jaw joint and surrounding muscles, often leading to pain, discomfort, and restricted jaw movement. Common symptoms include jaw pain, clicking or popping sounds, and difficulty in opening or closing the mouth. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, or, in severe cases, surgical interventions by oral and maxillofacial specialists.

TM Joint Ankylosis

TMJ ankylosis is a condition where the temporomandibular joint becomes immobile or fused, limiting jaw movement. Typically caused by trauma, infection, or inflammation, this condition can lead to difficulties in chewing, speaking, and facial deformities. Surgical intervention, often involving joint reconstruction, is frequently necessary to restore jaw function and improve quality of life for individuals with TMJ ankylosis.

Hair Loss Associated With Systemic Diseases(Pcos)

Hair loss associated with systemic diseases, such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), is characterized by hormonal imbalances affecting hair follicles. In PCOS, elevated androgen levels contribute to thinning hair, male-pattern baldness, or increased hair shedding. Addressing the underlying hormonal issues through medical management or lifestyle changes is essential to mitigate hair loss in individuals with PCOS.

Hair Loss Post Chemotherapy

Hair loss post-chemotherapy, known as chemotherapy-induced alopecia, occurs due to the impact of cancer-fighting drugs on rapidly dividing hair cells. This reversible condition results in temporary hair thinning or complete loss during and after treatment. Hair typically begins to regrow after chemotherapy is completed, though the texture and color may change temporarily.

TM Join Pain

TMJ pain refers to discomfort or tenderness in the temporomandibular joint, often caused by factors like jaw misalignment, teeth grinding, or arthritis. Common symptoms include jaw pain, headaches, and difficulty chewing or opening the mouth. Management typically involves conservative measures like lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and, in some cases, dental interventions or medications for pain relief.

TM Joint Dislocation

TMJ dislocation occurs when the temporomandibular joint moves out of its normal position, causing jaw misalignment and pain. This can result from trauma, excessive jaw movement, or structural issues. Treatment involves manual reduction to reposition the joint, along with pain management and measures to prevent future dislocations, such as jaw-stabilizing devices or dental interventions.

Hair Loss Associated With Seborrheic Dermatitis

Hair loss associated with seborrheic dermatitis is a result of inflammation and excessive oil production affecting the scalp. This common skin condition can lead to hair thinning or shedding due to the inflammatory response affecting hair follicles. Treatment involves managing the underlying dermatitis through medicated shampoos, topical solutions, and anti-inflammatory measures to promote hair regrowth.

MPDS (Myofacial Pain Dysfuction Syndrome Treatment)

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) problems involve issues with the jaw joint and surrounding muscles, often leading to pain, discomfort, and restricted jaw movement. Common symptoms include jaw pain, clicking or popping sounds, and difficulty in opening or closing the mouth. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, or, in severe cases, surgical interventions by oral and maxillofacial specialists.

Vascular Lesion treatment

Vascular lesion treatment involves various medical procedures to address abnormalities in blood vessels near the skin's surface, such as hemangiomas or port-wine stains. Common methods include laser therapy or sclerotherapy, aiming to reduce or eliminate the appearance of these lesions. These interventions are minimally invasive and seek to improve both the cosmetic appearance and, in some cases, alleviate associated symptoms.

Intra oral and Extra oral Haemangioma treatment

Intraoral and extraoral hemangioma treatment involves addressing benign growths of blood vessels, often through methods like laser therapy, surgical excision, or sclerotherapy. These procedures aim to reduce or eliminate the appearance of hemangiomas, whether they occur within the oral cavity or on the skin's surface. Tailored treatment plans are designed to enhance both cosmetic outcomes and functional well-being for individuals with these vascular anomalies.

Vascular Malformations treatment

Vascular malformations treatment involves therapeutic interventions to manage abnormal clusters of blood vessels that form during embryonic development. Procedures like embolization, sclerotherapy, or surgical resection may be utilized to address symptoms or cosmetic concerns associated with vascular malformations. These treatments aim to restore normal blood flow and alleviate complications, enhancing patients' overall well-being.

Sleep Apnea treatment

Sleep apnea treatment focuses on managing the interruption of breathing during sleep, a common condition often caused by airway obstruction. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliances, and lifestyle modifications are common approaches to alleviate symptoms and improve sleep quality. In severe cases, surgical interventions such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty may be considered to address anatomical issues contributing to sleep apnea.

Neuralgia and Palsy

Neuralgia refers to severe, stabbing pain along a nerve pathway, often caused by irritation or damage to the nerves. Palsy, on the other hand, involves weakness or paralysis of a muscle or group of muscles due to nerve dysfunction. Both conditions can result from various factors, including injury, infection, or underlying medical conditions, and may require targeted treatments such as medications, physical therapy, or surgical interventions based on the specific cause.

Bells Palsy treatment

Bell's Palsy treatment involves addressing sudden, temporary facial weakness or paralysis, usually affecting one side of the face. Management often includes corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, physical therapy to maintain muscle tone, and supportive measures like eye protection. While most individuals recover fully, the specific treatment plan may vary based on the severity and underlying cause of Bell's Palsy.

Trigeminal Neuralgia treatment

Trigeminal neuralgia treatment involves managing intense, stabbing facial pain associated with the trigeminal nerve. Medications like anticonvulsants or nerve blocks are commonly used to alleviate pain, and in some cases, surgical procedures such as microvascular decompression or gamma knife radiosurgery may be considered for long-term relief. The goal is to provide effective pain management and improve the patient's quality of life.


Blepharospasm is a neurological condition marked by involuntary, repetitive contractions of the muscles around the eyes, causing uncontrollable blinking or closure of the eyelids. Treatment often involves botulinum toxin injections to temporarily paralyze the affected muscles and alleviate symptoms. This approach provides relief from eye discomfort and improves the quality of life for individuals with blepharospasm.

Facial Neuralgia Treatment

Facial neuralgia treatment focuses on alleviating severe, recurrent facial pain caused by irritation or dysfunction of the trigeminal nerve. Medications, such as anticonvulsants or tricyclic antidepressants, may be prescribed to manage neuralgic pain. In some cases, surgical interventions like microvascular decompression or nerve blocks may be considered for refractory facial neuralgia.

Hemifacial Spasm

Hemifacial spasm is a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary contractions or twitching of the muscles on one side of the face, typically around the eye and mouth. Treatment options include medications such as botulinum toxin injections to reduce muscle spasms or, in severe cases, surgical interventions like microvascular decompression to alleviate nerve compression. Management aims to minimize symptoms and enhance the patient's facial function and appearance.


Eyelids are thin folds of skin that cover and protect the eyes, playing a crucial role in blinking and regulating light exposure. They house eyelashes and meibomian glands, contributing to eye lubrication and defense against debris. Eyelid disorders can impact vision and aesthetics, requiring medical attention for conditions like blepharitis, ptosis, or skin cancers.

Ptosis repair for droopy eyelid

Ptosis repair is a surgical procedure aimed at correcting a droopy eyelid, a condition where the upper eyelid descends lower than normal, potentially impairing vision and affecting aesthetics. The surgery involves tightening or repositioning the levator muscle responsible for lifting the eyelid, restoring its natural position. Ptosis repair is performed to improve both functional vision and the symmetry of the eyes, contributing to an enhanced overall facial appearance.

Surgical Blepharoplasty

Surgical blepharoplasty is a cosmetic procedure involving the surgical modification of the eyelids to address issues like excess skin, fat, or muscle, commonly associated with aging. This intervention aims to rejuvenate the appearance of the eyes, reduce puffiness, and improve the overall contour of the eyelids. Surgical blepharoplasty can enhance both aesthetic appeal and functional aspects of the eyes, providing a more youthful and refreshed look.

Canthal Resection

Canthal resection, also known as canthoplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves reshaping or repositioning the outer or inner corner of the eye (canthus) to address issues such as eyelid laxity or malposition. This procedure can enhance the aesthetic appearance of the eyes and correct conditions like ectropion or entropion. Canthal resection is often performed by oculoplastic surgeons to achieve both functional and cosmetic improvements in the eyelid region.


Epicanthoplasty is a cosmetic surgical procedure designed to address the epicanthal fold, the skin fold at the inner corner of the eye. By removing or altering this fold, the surgery aims to enhance the appearance of the eyes, creating a wider and more open look. Epicanthoplasty is often sought for aesthetic reasons or to achieve a more Westernized eye appearance in individuals with Asian heritage.

Eyelid synkineses

Eyelid synkinesis refers to an involuntary simultaneous movement of different facial muscles, causing unintended and synchronized eyelid motions. This condition often occurs as a result of nerve damage, such as in cases of facial paralysis or trauma. Rehabilitation techniques and targeted treatments aim to manage and reduce the impact of eyelid synkinesis, restoring more natural and controlled facial expressions.

Eyelid malpositions

Eyelid malpositions refer to abnormal positions or orientations of the upper or lower eyelids, disrupting their normal function. Common types include ectropion, where the eyelid turns outward, and entropion, where the eyelid turns inward, leading to irritation or discomfort. Surgical interventions are often employed to correct these malpositions, restoring proper eyelid alignment and function.

Asian blepharoplasty

Asian blepharoplasty, also known as double eyelid surgery, is a cosmetic procedure designed to create a defined upper eyelid crease in individuals of East Asian descent who typically have a single eyelid without a crease. The surgery involves reshaping the eyelid to achieve a double eyelid appearance, contributing to a wider and more open-eyed aesthetic. Asian blepharoplasty is a culturally nuanced cosmetic enhancement popular for its ability to enhance facial features.

Entropion Repair

Entropion repair is a surgical procedure to correct the inward turning of the eyelid, which can lead to discomfort, irritation, and damage to the cornea. The surgery involves repositioning the eyelid to prevent the eyelashes from rubbing against the eye, alleviating symptoms and protecting the ocular surface. Entropion repair aims to improve eye comfort, reduce tearing, and maintain ocular health.


Keratosis Pilaris (KP) is a common skin condition characterized by small, red or flesh-colored bumps that resemble goosebumps or chicken skin. It occurs when keratin, a protein, clogs hair follicles, leading to rough patches, usually on the arms, thighs, cheeks, or buttocks. While generally harmless, treatments like exfoliation and moisturizing can help improve the appearance of the skin.


Blepharophimosis is a congenital condition characterized by a narrow horizontal opening of the eyes due to a reduced distance between the inner corners. Individuals with blepharophimosis often exhibit shortened eyelid openings, giving the appearance of almond-shaped eyes. Surgical procedures, such as epicanthoplasty or canthoplasty, may be considered to address functional or aesthetic concerns associated with this condition.

Eyelid retraction

Eyelid retraction is a condition where the upper or lower eyelid is abnormally positioned, resulting in an unusually wide or narrow opening of the eye. This condition can be caused by various factors, including thyroid eye disease, trauma, or congenital abnormalities. Treatment options may include surgery to correct the eyelid position and improve both cosmetic appearance and visual function.

Congenital Defects

Congenital defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth, resulting from genetic factors, environmental influences, or a combination of both. These defects can affect various organ systems, leading to conditions such as heart defects, neural tube disorders, or limb abnormalities. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial in managing and addressing the diverse range of congenital defects, improving long-term outcomes for affected individuals.

Tongue tie

Tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, is a congenital condition where the strip of skin beneath the tongue (lingual frenulum) is shorter than usual, restricting the tongue's range of motion. This condition can affect breastfeeding in infants and, in some cases, speech development in older children and adults. Surgical procedures like frenotomy are commonly performed to release the restrictive tissue and improve tongue movement.

Cleft Palate Surgery

Cleft palate surgery is a corrective procedure to repair a congenital condition where there is a gap or opening in the roof of the mouth. Usually performed in early childhood, this surgery involves closing the cleft to improve speech, feeding, and facial development. The procedure aims to enhance the individual's ability to communicate and lead a more functional and aesthetically satisfying life.

Craniofacial Syndrome

Craniofacial syndrome encompasses a group of genetic disorders characterized by abnormal growth and development of the head and face. Conditions like Apert syndrome or Crouzon syndrome are examples of craniofacial syndromes, often associated with facial deformities and potential functional issues. Multidisciplinary medical care, including surgical interventions, is commonly employed to address these complex conditions and enhance both aesthetic and functional aspects of the affected individuals' craniofacial structures.

Cleft and Lip Surgeries

Cleft lip and palate surgeries are corrective procedures addressing congenital facial clefts, where there is an opening or gap in the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth. These surgeries aim to close the cleft, reconstruct facial features, and enhance speech and feeding abilities. Typically performed in infancy, these interventions are integral to providing individuals with cleft conditions a better quality of life and improved functional outcomes.

Clefts of Soft palate

Clefts of the soft palate involve a congenital separation in the soft tissue at the back of the mouth, affecting speech and feeding functions. Surgical correction, often performed in early childhood, aims to close the gap, allowing for improved resonance and articulation in speech while facilitating more effective swallowing. Timely intervention for soft palate clefts is crucial for comprehensive care and optimal long-term outcomes.

Implants and Prosthesis

Implants and prostheses are medical devices designed to replace or augment missing or damaged body parts. Implants, such as dental implants or joint replacements, are surgically inserted into the body to restore function. Prostheses, like artificial limbs or dental prosthetics, are externally worn devices tailored to replace lost or impaired body parts, enhancing mobility and quality of life.

Pterygoid Implants for Rehabilitation

Pterygoid implants are advanced dental implants used in oral rehabilitation for individuals with insufficient bone in the posterior upper jaw. Surgically anchored to the pterygoid process, these implants provide a secure base for supporting fixed or removable prosthetics. This innovative approach enables successful implantation and restoration in cases where conventional methods may face challenges due to bone deficiencies.

Ear Prosthesis

An ear prosthesis, often referred to as an ear implant or artificial ear, is a custom-crafted, externally worn device designed to replicate the appearance of a natural ear. Typically made from medical-grade materials and personalized to match the individual's skin tone and contours, it serves aesthetic and reconstructive purposes for those with congenital ear abnormalities or after ear surgery. Ear prostheses provide a natural-looking solution to restore facial harmony and boost the wearer's confidence.

Zygoma Implants for rehabilitation

Zygoma implants are specialized dental implants designed for individuals with severe bone loss in the upper jaw, particularly in the area of the cheekbone (zygomatic bone). Utilized in oral rehabilitation, these implants provide a stable foundation for fixed or removable dentures, addressing challenges posed by insufficient bone volume. Zygoma implants offer an effective solution for restoring dental function and aesthetics in cases where traditional implants may not be feasible.

False Eye Prosthesis

A false eye prosthesis, also known as an ocular prosthesis or glass eye, is a custom-made artificial eye designed to replace a missing or damaged natural eye. Crafted from medical-grade materials to match the patient's remaining eye, it enhances facial aesthetics and symmetry. False eye prostheses are non-functional but serve essential cosmetic and psychological purposes for individuals who have undergone eye removal surgery.


The orbit, also known as the eye socket, is the bony cavity in the skull that houses and protects the eyeball. Comprising several facial bones, including the frontal, sphenoid, and maxillary bones, the orbit provides structural support and helps maintain the shape of the eye. Muscles, nerves, and blood vessels within the orbit contribute to eye movement, vision, and overall ocular function.

Orbital Decompression

Orbital decompression is a surgical procedure designed to alleviate pressure within the eye socket (orbit). Commonly performed in the context of thyroid eye disease or Graves' disease, the surgery involves removing or repositioning bone and tissue to create additional space, reducing compression on the eye and improving symptoms such as proptosis (bulging eyes) and restricted eye movement. Orbital decompression is aimed at both preserving visual function and enhancing the aesthetic appearance of the eyes.

1 wall decompression

One-wall decompression is a specific type of orbital decompression surgery focused on addressing proptosis (bulging eyes) in the context of thyroid eye disease. In this procedure, the medial (inner) wall of the eye socket is selectively modified or removed to create additional space, relieving pressure and allowing for improved eye positioning. One-wall decompression is a targeted approach designed to enhance both functional and cosmetic aspects of eye health in individuals with orbital conditions.

3 and 4 wall decompression

Three and four-wall decompression are advanced surgical techniques involving the modification of multiple aspects of the eye socket (orbit) to address severe cases of proptosis or orbital disorders, often associated with thyroid eye disease. These procedures typically include modifications to the medial (inner), lateral (outer), superior (upper), and sometimes inferior (lower) walls of the orbit to create sufficient space for the eyeball. By carefully adjusting the bony structures, these decompression methods aim to improve eye positioning, relieve pressure, and enhance both functional and aesthetic outcomes in complex orbital conditions.

2 wall decompression

Two-wall decompression is a surgical procedure aimed at relieving pressure within the eye socket by modifying both the medial (inner) and lateral (outer) walls. Typically performed in cases of thyroid eye disease or other orbital conditions, this approach creates additional space, reducing proptosis (bulging eyes) and improving ocular function. Two-wall decompression is a comprehensive technique addressing both aesthetic concerns and the preservation of visual health.

lacrimal surgeries

The lacrimal system is responsible for tear production, distribution, and drainage to maintain ocular moisture and clarity. Comprising the lacrimal gland, tear ducts (lacrimal canaliculi), and nasolacrimal duct, this system plays a crucial role in preventing dry eyes and maintaining eye health. Tears produced by the lacrimal system also contribute to protecting the cornea, lubricating the eyes, and facilitating clear vision.

Laser DCR

Laser Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a specialized surgical procedure that employs laser technology to create a new passage for tear drainage in cases of blocked tear ducts. Using laser energy, the surgeon precisely removes or vaporizes obstructing tissue, allowing tears to flow more freely from the lacrimal sac into the nasal cavity. This minimally invasive approach is associated with reduced bleeding, faster recovery times, and often serves as an effective treatment for alleviating symptoms related to tear duct obstructions.

External DCR

External Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a surgical procedure performed to treat blockages in the tear ducts by creating a new passage for tears to drain from the lacrimal sac into the nasal cavity. This approach involves making a small incision on the side of the nose to access and bypass the blocked tear duct, promoting proper tear drainage. External DCR is commonly employed to alleviate symptoms of excessive tearing and eye irritation caused by lacrimal duct obstructions.

Lester Johns Procedures

Lester Jones Procedures, named after ophthalmologist Lester W. Jones, comprise surgical techniques to address tear drainage disorders, particularly involving the creation of artificial tear passages. These procedures include conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy (CDCR) and conjunctivorhinostomy (CR), aiming to bypass blocked tear ducts and facilitate proper tear drainage into the nasal cavity. Lester Jones Procedures offer effective solutions for individuals with nasolacrimal duct obstructions, alleviating symptoms of excessive tearing and promoting ocular health.

Endoscopic DCR

Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to treat obstructions in the tear ducts by creating a new pathway for tear drainage. This procedure utilizes an endoscope, a thin tube with a camera, to access and visualize the lacrimal system through the nasal passages, avoiding external incisions. Endoscopic DCR is known for its reduced scarring, quicker recovery, and effectiveness in resolving symptoms such as excessive tearing and recurrent eye infections.

CDCR DCT Ballon Dacryoplasty

CDCR (Canalicular Dacryocystorhinostomy) with DCT (Dacryocystorhinostomy) Ballon Dacryoplasty is a combined surgical technique to address lacrimal duct obstructions. It involves creating a new tear drainage pathway and utilizing a balloon catheter to dilate and widen the narrowed tear ducts, improving tear flow. This procedure is particularly beneficial for individuals with nasolacrimal duct stenosis, offering a minimally invasive approach with potential advantages in tear drainage restoration.